Preparations You Should Do Before Using Traditional Plane Cutter

Published On: September 23, 2020

No matter you are a wood processing worker, a woodworking enthusiast or a fresh hand in woodworking, you must know the tool we will introduce today—traditional plane cutter. We should know that when we plane wood board we are not just going to press all your strength on your tools and then push it. In fact, there are more things you should know about planing, which means you need to do some preparations before using traditional plane cutter.

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Adjustment of traditional planer blade

When you install your plane blades, you have to pay attention to distance between your planer blade and cover iron.
Secondly, the edge of blade should be close to the bottom of planer cutter. Then, add your wedge, press it slightly down, hold left corner of the planer bottom with your left hand and hold wedge, cover iron and planer blade.
Next, you need to correct cutting edge with a hammer until cutting edge getting out of plane crumbs slot(to correct cutting edge is because the exposure of cutting edge is proportional to the amount of planing. More exposure of your blade, there will be more planing volume. Rough planing should be exposed more and fine planing should be exposed less. To check exposure of planer blade, you can hold your planer cutter with your left hand. Put its bottom face up and check its blade with one eye. You need to tap the top of planer blade if exposed part is not enough, and if the blade extends too much, you need to tap the end of your plane and make it go back. If one corner of cutting edge is prominent, just tap the upper side with the same angle.

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Shape of blades

For most planer cutters, their blade edges should be ground into a shape of gibbosity, and for different uses of planer cutters,the difference is scale of protruding. Plane cutter used for rough processing or for cutting thick plank has a larger protruding part.You can see the curvature directly. Its purpose is to eliminate interference of uneven planer blade and cut the plate more efficiently.After rough processing,we should use a fine plane to flatten and smooth the surface, and fine plane should be flat in the ideal. However,due to user’s experience and quality limit, it is best to be ground into a micro convex top, which is very small and can only be checked out with the help of tools. Fine planer cutter body should be slightly wider, and the bottom of planer cutter should be flat. Gap between blade and notch should be very small.

Main points of using traditional planer cutter

First, planing quality is related to the length of planer cutter and planing bottom flatness. if there is uneven situation, then we should check whether there is a problem on the hard ware of our planers.
Secondly, the way of planing also affect efficiency. General planing procedure is as follows.
1.Transverse planing from head of the board.
2.Diagonal planing on the board face.
3.Planing along the wood grain.
4.Fine planing and sleeking work pieces.

Thirdly, feeding direction. Forward feed is always suggested to a new hand. But we should always remember that the body of our planer should always be the same direction to travel direction, so as to avoid stubble possibility.
Fourthly, operation of planing.

When planing, you need to press planing body by using two index finger, and should press the back of planing blade with your thumb, and your other fingers and palmneed to hold the handle tightly. Planer should be flat and evenly applied to both of your hands.When pushing forward, two thumbs need to use more strength,and two index fingers slightly add pressure. When pushing to the front of your work piece, pressure should be decreased gradually until there is no pressure. When turning back,the hand behind your plane should be slightly raised, so as not to drag your blade on the wood surface, which is easy to make the blade getting dull.

When planing materials with long length, we should first check the plane whether it is inside material or outside material. The general way to distinguish is the texture of your surface of material. Usually, inside material is cleaner than outside material, and inside material has a clearer texture. If it is inside material, planing should be done from root to top of the work piece. Otherwise, the wood should be done from its top to its root. Cutting along the direction of the wood texture, you can get a more labor saving planing experience.

Now you know what we should do before cutting our wood boards before using planer cutter. Have you ever noticed these things before you plane your project? If not, you can do these things since now.

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