Classification of Single-Point Cutting Tools – Turning Tools

Published On: November 14, 2020

Lathe turning tools can be the most widely used single-point cutting tools, and also, it is a cornerstone of learning and analyzing different cutting tools. Lathe cutting tools mounted on various lathes for processing outer circle, inner hole, end face, thread, groove, etc. No matter for wood cutting or metal cutting, its application are almost the same. There are more than one kind of lathe tools after its development in so many years, and it can be divided into several different kinds of turning tips according to structure, they are integral lathe tool, welding lathe tool, machine clamping turning tool, indexable turning tool and molding turning tool. As technology advanced, some have been out of time and withdraw from market, some are still being used in factory. The most outstanding one should be indexable lathe tools, which is gradually taking over the market.

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1.Tungsten Carbide Welding Turning Tool

Welding turning tool is produced by a series of processing, but its very easy to understand. First, makinga groove on carbidesteel cutter at a certain geometrical Angle and welding tungsten carbideblade into groove with solder, and grinding according to specific geometrical parameters.

2.Machine Clamping Turning Tool

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Machine clamping lathe tool uses ordinary blade and its mounting method is mechanical clamping, which can hold blades on tool rod.Its features can be summarized as followings:
a.Without high temperature welding, it can efficiently avoid decrease of hardness and blade cracking. Besides, it improved durability of cutting blades.
b.As durability improved, its service life has become longer, and indexing time has been shorten. And these two points are helpful in producing a high efficiency.
c.Handle can be reused, which saves both use ratio of blade and material. Blades can be recycled and remanufactured by manufacturer, which improves its economic benefit and reduces its cost.
d.After grinding, blade will become smaller and smaller. To decrease this influence and restore position of blade on machine, there is an adjustment structure on blade, which designed to make blade can be ground more times.
e.The end of pressing plate which used to pressblade can also act as a chip breaker.

3.Indexable turning tips

Indexable lathe tools is a kind of tool which use indexable tips. The biggest feature of the tip is its four side available tips. When one cutting edge getting blunt, it can be turned to another side and continue its work. And different from other kind of lathe tools. Indexable turning tips will just consume turning tips rather than rod or handles. When blade is scrapped, what you should do is to buy a new tip and load it on handle.

4.Forming turning tools

Forming turning tools is a special cutting tools used for machining surface of rotary project. Shape of its cutting edge is designed according to profile of work piece, and it can be used for shaping forming surface of all kinds internal and external rotary body. By using this kind of turning tips, component surface can be forming for just one time. This tool can be easily operate, and features high efficiency. What’s more, after processing, roughness of work piece is 10 ~ 5 m, and tolerance level is IT8 ~ IT10. However, with complex structure, high cost and wide blade working length which is easy to cause vibration, it is mainly used in producing large batches of middle or small size components with forming surfaces.
These are several main types of turning tools. For more wood cutting tools, you can come to our main pages. If you are interested in our products, send us email or contact us online. Hope this article is useful for you, and thanks for your reading.

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