The boring drill can be efficient in drilling holes on wooden boards. But problems sometimes happen when it works, which makes the drilling less efficient and disturbs us a lot. But have you ever considered that once we solved these problems or avoid these problems, our dowel drill bits can work with higher efficiency? To solve these problems and make the drilling tool speed up, we have collected 6 problems that may happen when you do the wood drilling, and we also provide 6 corresponding solutions to help you deal with these problems and make your dowel drill bits work more efficiently.
1. Chips around holes after drilling
Sometimes there may be some small broken parts around the hole, making our drilling a failure. To solve this question, except checking whether there are influences made by back taper and bit bounce, you also need to check whether the spindle and quick change joint are coaxial, the configuration of machine tool compacting device, whether the pressure is enough or not, and whether workpiece will shake or not when drilling. It will also create these broken places if the cutting edges are higher than the center tip.
2. Entrance hole is small but the exit side is big
This problem may be induced by bit bouncing and misalignment of your main shaft and quick change joint. If there’s such a problem happened, you need to check the bit or change the main shaft and the joint.
3. There are drilling smoke and drill bits get dark
Serious central bit bouncing or central bit and shaft are misaligned, no positive or back taper, small main relief angle(it should be 12°to 15°), the deflection angle of the main rear angle is opposite to the rotation of bits will all lead to drilling smoke and make drill bits get dark. But it may also be caused by a deficiency of machine tool pressure. If the glue which used in boards is not dried or there’s too much glue in boards will make your drills get dark, too.
4. Chip removal is not smooth or even doesn’t work
To solve this problem, you may check if there’re problems like a small spiral groove or helical angle, the transition between alloy and cutter body is not smooth enough, the primary rear angle is too small to be a secondary value, the center tip is too short and thick. Also, before drilling, you need to check whether your dowel drill bits suit your machine or not(2800-3500 RPM is a normal value). Besides, too much glue and if the glue is still wet on wooden board will also cause this problem. Or, you may make a simple mistake—make the wrong direction of the rotation.
5. Chips heed up on the flank surface
This problem may happen when there is too much glue in processing materials, just change the material you are going to process or change your bits. In addition, when the drill bit reaches phase transition, it starts to wear seriously, which will also cause a lot of cumulative chips on the rear cutter surface during drilling. And unreasonable production of the split cutting edge will also cause a lot of cumulative chips on the back surface during drilling.
6. Drill bit bends or breaks when drilling
This problem mainly happened on small size dowel drill bits or extension dowel drill bits. We will talk about this in two aspects. First, from the bit itself. Small size bits have poor rigidity than normal dowel drill bits. If it sheat treatment does not be well treated, it will easily be distorted or broken. Unreasonable design of drill bit helix Angle will also lead to this problem. In addition, an extended bit or a bit made up of defective raw material will cause the bit to twist and bend or even break during drilling.
Secondly, let’s talk about it from the side of the application. If the depth of the drill hole is more than four times the drill bit’s diameter, we call it a “deep hole”. When there is a deep hole needs to be drilled, we need to separate the drilling process several times instead of settling a matter in one go. And if you finish it with only one drill, then your dowel drill bits may twist and bend deformation or even break when drilling. Also, the RPM of your drill bits should match the RPM of your boring machine. Otherwise, your drill bits may also get damaged. Too much glue in plates or glue is too wet will easily cause bits to twist and bend or break when drilling with small specification dowel drill bits.
These are six ways to improve your drilling efficiency. If you have met these problems when you use your dowel drill bits, you can try the methods we provide above. Hope these methods can help you and thanks for your reading.